|Nailya Valiullina– Head of the department, radiologist|
Radionuclide diagnosis is a modern method of diagnosis. Compared to the traditional radiology, ultrasound, CT, MRI, that study morphological features of organs, it evaluates not only the anatomy of organs, but also its functioning. Images obtained by radioisotope imaging, in fact, reflect physiological and pathophysiological changes occurring in the body. This allows for timely diagnosis of various diseases in the earliest stages of development, so that nuclear medicine can be described as a kind of early radiographic diagnosis.
The method is based on the registration and measurement of radiopharmaceuticals radiation delivered into the body that can accumulate in certain organs and tissues, or reflect physiological processes occurring in the organism. In this case the radiation effect on the patient is minimal, and the investigation is carried out without risk of allergic reactions and invasive interventions.
The department is equipped with GE gamma-ray tomography system that allows to obtain, along with planar imaging, tomographic images of layered distribution of the radiopharmaceutical in the investigated organ with subsequent computer reconstruction of images. This makes possible to carry out the whole range of modern methods of patients examination using radionuclides.